ALN | ARCHITEKTURBÜRO LEINHÄUPL + NEUBER
Working in ALN, Landshut.
Concept and approach :
– Restoring the historical layer
– Different private / public layers
– Connection court / magistrate school
– Sustainability / sensibility towards nature
What is the Supreme Court and what role it plays in society?
The Supreme Court, based in Tirana, is the highest judicial authority in the Repub¬lic of Albania. Its main mission is to examine the request of the parties, the decisions of the courts of lower instances. It is important in the design of the building to understand how the Supreme Court is organized and which are its functions.
The Supreme Court is represented by its chairman , who is assisted by counselors and support staff.
The Supreme Court is held in two Colleges (criminal and civil), who try appeals for judicial matters according to the rules laid down in the Code of Civil Procedure and the Code of Criminal Procedure. Besides trial Colleges (criminal and civil), the Supreme Court judges are part of the United Colleges, which means that the panel of judges composed of all judges of both Chambers. Judges of the High Court are supported by their legal aid. They can have up to two such, who select themselves among lawyers who meet the legal requirements to be named a judge of the Court of First Instance or the Court of Appeal.
Common problems affecting the courts include a lack of space for attorney-cli¬ent consultations, cramped clerk offices, inadequate space for storing files. A very high number of cases and a relatively low number of courtrooms mean that judges develop trials often in their offices, which in themselves are small and overcrowded. While some courts have separate entrances to the dock, the rest do not. The judges expressed con¬cern about safety in connection with this arrangement, noting that the defendants must pass directly by the bench, although accompanied by police officers, in order to enter the courtroom.
Access, transparency, exposure, clarity of organization, lighting, and inclusion are six different ways, which have been used by Architects in creating new courts. Design strategies related to public entry point and the facade can be observed in comparison with other strategies range. More specifically, articulation entry, entry-glance, and the creation of inviting entry, along with ensuring transparency inside-out, are the most fre¬quently used strategies. Other groupings include internal strategies (organizational clarity, illumination and inclusion as transparency), and external strategies (exposure, transpar¬ency).
Interaction strategies also need to be defined and well-developed. For example, discussions on the articulation of entry are very detailed and specific. There are many references to a central atrium space or functional separation serving as agents of the or¬ganization. The same can be said about the lighting and in a lesser extent for inclusion. Overall, cooperation strategies should be defined and well-developed compared with the strategies of internal or external. More specifically, all three interpretations of transparency and entry strategies related to design (articulation of entry, the entry visible and inviting entrance) seems to be in the details.
Reducing the impact of imposing security at ports of entry is probably easier. Safety affects the provision of numerous traffic. The design of the court building is in the design flow, where public employee’s roads are allocated for security reasons. Design of multiple rotations to the public in such a scenario probably proves to be a very challeng¬ing task.
Cof public officials / social and celebrations in a security situation could prove to be a major area of conflict. Only an internal strategy that seems to have less conflict, is in the field of transparency as lighting. So it appears that some strategies that are more developed and detailed, are where designers experience a relatively conflict-free envi¬ronment decision. Less implemented strategy should be those who experience conflict with security or economic considerations. In contemporary architecture, one will witness a growing focus on cooperation strategies, and in a lesser extent in the interior and exter¬nal strategies to the courthouse. Design of access points, inviting the public, extended the area with glass facade and roofs, will probably constitute the main point of departure from the designs of the previous courthouses.
Due to social, political, economic and technological factors , public areas has been changing. Public and governmental buildings are going through changes, to main¬tain the level of interaction of the elected government of a democratic society. Opening a relatively new construct, should represent the great momentum that difference.
Connectivity between spaces is a fundamental property of Court buildings and thus plays a key role in functionality and working properly the court system. We draw a distinction between visual connections, and paths that connect the physical movement of persons. Visual connections are necessary for orientation, and for creating a coher¬ent picture of a building setting. Nevertheless, because they do not always coincide with paths and roads. The interdependence between visual connections and paths is highly complex, and will be treated in building with unity.
Supreme Court hast to work properly between Public and semi-Public space, the itself cases and the story behind the idea of justice has to be open and clear in front of soci¬ety – the border between the inside and outside has to be invisible. Same rules have to be implemented also for interior spaces in order to have proper connectivity and smooth movement.
In the case of many institutional buildings, such as courts, program and func¬tional requirements represent the basic elements that will influence the spatial layout of the building and in its final form. Thus, a way to study the courts is to identify functional structures in judicial floors, which will affect the shape and layout of the court through the development of an analytical typology. The purpose of the analysis is to identify these functional structures that underlie the contemporary design in many courts, and their spatial implications and, through this, to derive conclusions about the similarities and commonalities between them, and to place them as functional prototypes. This research is based on functional structures, based on which it is concluded that should be analyzed two main floors prototypes court type. These can be identified by their geometric configu¬ration, central and linear. This based on the functional structures that are found.
The purpose of the analytical typology is not to reproduce existing buildings, but to identi¬fy the key components or elements of buildings, and describe these together in an overall composition. Typology in the case of this research is based on practical and functional considerations and not in a formal, although they are closely related.
In order to approach the functioning of the court more, we should understand it as or¬ganized functional system. This understanding is best done through charts and diagrams, which explicitly present the court functions and their relationships.
analyzing the different floors plans, they can be grouped into two main first proto¬types by their configuration. The essential difference between these two prototypes de¬pends on the location of public space, ie. whether it is centralized between courtrooms and accessed from both sides, or if it is located on the outskirts of configuration and access to courtrooms are only one side of the public space.
A. Central typologies
In this prototype, the courtroom floor has a central public space in courtrooms on either side of the central space and limited areas, or private, in the suburbs. In this prototype, public circulation is concentrated in the center of a rectangular shape. Four courtrooms are located in the public area. Private or restricted circulation of linking different parts of the court limited: suites of judges, jury deliberation, support the court and the courtroom, along with limited vertical circulation.
B. Linear typologies
In this configuration, public space is linear and is found on one side of the configuration, and courtrooms determine its internal sides. It takes the form of a linear corridor / con¬nector courtroom, deciding between public area and restricted area. In this prototype, the movement takes a linear model in both public and restricted areas.
Client: Government of Albania
Location: Tirana, AL
Year: November 2015
Scale: 8110 sqm